Oley, PA Project

Timeline of transactions:

This property as all properties do in Pennsylvania, began with a land grant from William Penn. Oley Township was originally formed in 1740 as a part of Philadelphia County, before Berks County was formed in 1752. We found a newspaper article from the Reading times, March 20th 1876, detailing the sale from William Penn and the subsequent transactions that lead to the DeTurk’s ownership. Interestingly, the last sentence mentions the last transaction going to Esther DeTurk, the great grandmother of the present owner, Rachel DeTurk. She will be detailed further in this narrative:

Deturks and Bertolet Families

The DeTurk and Bertolet families were prominent figures in the development of Oley. The excerpt below from The Historic Preservation Trust details the first DeTurk immigrant, Isaac DeTurk.

“The DeTurk family is of French Huguenot descent and is descendant from Isaac DeTurk who immigrated to the Hudson River valley in New York in 1708. Isaac was from Picardy in northern France. In 1685, the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes occurred prompting Huguenots throughout France and Alsace-Lorraine to begin fleeing into areas such as England, Holland, Switzerland, Germany, Sweden, Italy, and even Ireland. After the Protestant persecution in France, Isaac opted to flee to America after living for a time in the Alsace-Lorraine region of Germany. The DeTurks were among the many Huguenot refugees who eventually made their way to America. In 1712, Isaac came to the Oley Valley from New York…..In approximately 1712, Isaac DeTurk moved to the Oley Valley and purchased three hundred acres near Friedensburg or present-day Oley. In 1725, Isaac DeTurk owned 300 acres and a homestead. DeTurk’s rent for this land was 10 Pounds per 100 acres plus an annual quit rent of one shilling. The 1734 tax list also lists Johan DeTurk (son of Isaac) as owning 300 acres. Even though his mother was still alive, it appears that son Johan was running and/or owned the same amount of land by 1750 and still owned it in 1775. Johan inherited the large family farm in 1761 after his mother’s death….. Johan DeTurk was the only son of Isaac DeTurk and was born in 1713. He married Deborah Hoch in 1740 and they had twelve children. Among the DeTurk children, were Revolutionary War soldiers (one of whose equipment is on display at the New Jersey Washington Crossing State Park). Also, son John was the third owner of the old Boone farm where Daniel Boone was born. There are currently many DeTurks buried in a family plot at the Daniel Boone Homestead State Historic Site. Johan and Deborah DeTurk were elderly when they moved into the ancillary building on the family farm."

Isaac was married to Anna Maria Wiemer DeTurk. They had two children Johan (John) and Esther DeTurk.

The first recorded deed details the sale from Esther Bertolet to her son Daniel. This deed also discusses a 100 year span of transactions, beginning with William Penn. In 1682, 1,000 acres was purchased by Thomas Bond of Woodacre in the county of Lancaster in Great Britain from William Penn,Esquire. Thomas Bond died and “deed of lease” dated June 7 and 8, 1682 transferred the land to Charles and Anne Reed of the City of Philadelphia.

On October 30, 1716, the land was re-surveyed at the request of Thomas Edwards, by commissioners Richard Hill, Isaac Norris and James Logan and a tract totaling 276 acres was sold by Charles Reed to Thomas Edwards of Cheltenham, Philadelphia County. The notice of survey is below. Note that at this time Oley is still part of Philadelphia County.

On August 31st and Sept. 1st, 1720 Thomas Edwards sold 276 acres to Dirk Jansen, weaver and Margaret his wife.

The map below depicts Oley as it was laid out in 1740. According to our deed research, the owner of the land in 1740 was Esther DeTurk.

The map lists Thomas Edwards as the owner, perhaps because women were not permitted to be land owners, or Esther was not of legal age.

On May 4, 1721 Dirk Jansen transferred 138 acres of the original 276 acres to Esther Bertolet (DeTurk), identified as “spinster.” “The Bertolet homestead, now the property of Israel M. Bertolet was a gift to Esther DeTurk from her father and was in her own right, the original deed being drawn in her name on May 7, 1721 when she was only eleven years of age. This farm was formerly owned by Thomas Boone, who held title to much land in Oley; this title being dated June 7-8, 1682 which was prior to the arrival of William Penn in this country (October 12, 1692).”2 Esther DeTurk Bertolet, was the only daughter of Isaac DeTurk, one of the first immigrants and founders of Oley (as discussed in the opening above.) Esther was born on September 29, 1711 and died May 19, 1798 at age 86 years of age. She was married to Abraham Bertolet, her first cousin. Abraham was a blacksmith by trade and when he and Esther were married, they built a two-story stone dwelling, known as the original DeTurk homestead. Abraham died in 1766 at the age of 54, leaving Esther widowed with six children; Maria, Daniel, Elizabeth, Samuel, Esther and John. Interestingly, according to the newspaper article below, when Abraham and Esther were married in 1735, Esther already owned the 138 acres, as it had been gifted to her in 1721 by her father.

The property was transferred down the Berlolet family line until December 6th, 1864, when is was sold to Jonathan Cleaver. A map of 1862 verifies a J. Cleaver as owning a piece of land and structure on Main Street. Map of 1862, Oley PA. (Cleaver is underlined)

On March 29, 1867 Johnathan R. Cleaver and Sarah his wife sold the property to Frederick Theize. This was also an unrecorded deed without a dollar conveyance value or indication of acreage conveyed.

Jonathan Cleaver

Johnathan Cleaver is buried in the Bertolet family cemetery, indicating a possible family connection between Cleaver and the Bertolets.

The next physical deed was from Frederick and Christiana Theize to Emma Boyer. This deed is dated February 1, 1869 and is for conveyance of 87 perches (.5 acres) for $2000.

The deed outlines many prior transactions. The transaction between Johnathan Cleaver and Frederick Theize details a “messuage” (a dwelling house with outbuildings and land assigned to its use) for the first time. The property was described as a lot prior to this transaction. The messuage that is being described is not our subject house, but the home next door, currently known as the “Butterweck Carriage Home.” Describing the next-door property is important because the home was built on a portion (34 perches) of this home’s 87 perches (.5 acres), which we will detail later.

Business Directory Map of 1860, again listing a J.R. Cleaver owning property on Main Street, he is listed as a “Saddle and Harness” maker.

The property remained 87 perches for the remainder of the 1800’s with the following transactions:

March 30, 1870 

Gideon Lease and Emma Boyer his wife to Jacob Klein

87 perches (.5 acres) 

April 1, 1891 

Jacob M. Klein and wife Catherine to Rachel DeTurk (husband Martin Yoder DeTurk)

$2,000 – 87 perches (.5 acres) 

Rachel DeTurk

Rachel was married to Martin Yoder DeTurk, Their children were Lewis, Martin, Esther, Levi and Rachel. Martin was born December 10, 1813 and died February 21, 1850. He died at the age 37, leaving Rachel a young widow. She never remarried. We found the inventory of Martin’s estate. Although this is not the inventory of present home at present home, it is curious to think if any of the contents she inherited ever made it to the subject property, which at this point and time has yet to be built. We do know that Rachel purchased the existing “Butterweck Carriage” home from Jacob Klein on April 1, 1871. The full inventory of Martin’s estate can be was given to our clients. Here is a sample page:

Below is an 1876 map of Oley, PA showing Mrs. R DeTurk owning a size-able piece of land. The deed from 1871 matches the neighboring properties. Note the blank space to the right of the DeTurk structure. This piece of land is later sold and becomes the .34 perches where the present home is to be built.

Rachel’s will is dated July 5, 1894. In her will, she appoints her two sons Martin and Lewis as executors of her estate. Her will states the property is to be sold at public sale to the highest bidder.

On April 8, 1895 Lewis P. DeTurk and Martin D.L. DeTurk (estate of Rachel DeTurk) sold the property to Jeremiah Butterweck. This deed describes a two story brick dwelling house. In researching the neighboring property, we discovered this description is that of the home next door, “Butterweck Carriage” home. It was sold for $1,600 – 87 perches (.5 acres) 

Jeremiah Butterweck

Jeremiah Butterweck was born to Rueben Butterweck and Catharine Berger. His wife was Emma Manmiller, they had a son Edwin. Jeremiah was a prominent carriage maker in Oley and also built hearses.

Newspaper clipping from The Reading Times November 28, 1911 states that Butterweck is erecting a shop on his premises. Perhaps this is the carriage house that is now used as a garage for the present home. The Oley Historic Society also suggested the building across Legion Drive may have been a carriage repair shop at one time.